Experiences of frontline nurse managers during the COVID-19: a qualitative study
Keywords: 
COVID-19
Jordan
Experience
Pandemic
First-line nurse managers
Issue Date: 
2021
Publisher: 
Wiley
ISSN: 
0966-0429
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License
Citation: 
Vazquez-Calatayud, M. (Mónica); Regaira, E. (Elena); Rumeu-Casares, M.C. (María del Carmen); et al. "Experiences of frontline nurse managers during the COVID-19: a qualitative study". Journal of Nursing Management. 30 (2), 2021, 79 - 89
Abstract
Aim The aim of this study is to explore the experiences of Jordanian first-line nurse managers during COVID-19. Background Nurses are exposed to life-threatening occupational risks during COVID-19. Exploring the first-line nurse managers' experiences will help in designing health policies to better deal with such emerging crises. Methods A descriptive phenomenological study was conducted. A purposive sample was used to recruit 16 first-line nurse managers from Jordanian hospitals. Semistructured interviews were conducted. Phenomenological data analysis method was used to analyse the data. Results Four major themes emerged: (a) unprecedented pressure (first-line nurse managers revealed their suffering with the unprecedented demanding situations during COVID-19 pandemic); (b) strengthening system and resilience (nurse managers employed several strategies to strengthen the health system and enhance resilience); (c) building a supportive team (the presence of a robust supportive system is vital to deal with the pandemic); and (d) maturity during the crisis (exposure to a new experience developed nurse managers management skills and self-awareness). Conclusions The unprecedented pressure associated with COVID-19 drained first-line nurse managers physically and psychosocially. Providing adequately trained staff and medical equipment is important to better deal with crises. Implications for Nursing Management Strengthening emergency training and improving emergency response plans of hospitals are essential.

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