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dc.creatorAzami, H.Y. (Hind Yahyaoui)-
dc.creatorDucrotoy, M.J. (Marie J.)-
dc.creatorBouslikhane, M. (Mohammed)-
dc.creatorHattendorf, J. (Jan)-
dc.creatorThrusfield, M. (Mike)-
dc.creatorMoriyon, I. (Ignacio)-
dc.creatorZuñiga-Ripa, A. (Amaia)-
dc.creatorMuñoz, P. (Pilar)-
dc.creatorMick, V. (Virginie)-
dc.creatorBryssinckx, W. (Ward)-
dc.creatorWelburn, S.C. (Susan C.)-
dc.creatorZinsstag, J. (Jakob)-
dc.identifier.citationAzami, H.Y. (Hind Yahyaoui); Ducrotoy, M.J. (Marie J.); Bouslikhane, M. (Mohammed); et al. "The prevalence of brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis in ruminants in Sidi Kacem Province, Morocco". PLOS ONE. 13 (9), 2018, e0203360es_ES
dc.description.abstractBovine tuberculosis (BTB) and brucellosis are major endemic zoonoses in ruminants in Morocco that impact on both animal and human health. This study presents an assessment of the epidemiological and socioeconomic burden of bacterial zoonoses in Sidi Kacem Province in Northern Morocco from a cross-sectional survey of 125 cattle and/or small ruminantowning households. In total, 1082 sheep and goats were examined from 81 households. The single intradermal comparative cervical test to screen for bovine tuberculosis was undertaken on 1194 cattle from 123 households and all cattle were blood sampled. Cattle and small ruminant sera were tested for brucellosis using the standard Rose Bengal Test (sRBT) and the modified Rose Bengal Test (mRBT). Bacteriology was performed on 21 milk samples obtained from cattle that were seropositive for brucellosis for isolation and phenotyping of circulating Brucella strains. Individual and herd prevalence for BTB in cattle of 20.4% (95% CI 18%-23%) and 57.7% (95% CI 48%-66%), respectively, were observed in this study. The prevalence of brucellosis in cattle at individual and herd level was 1.9% (95% CI 1.2%-2.8%) and 9% (95% CI 4.5%-1.5%), respectively. Brucella pathogens were isolated from three cattle milk samples and were identified as B. abortus using Bruceladder (R) multiplex PCR and B. abortus biovar 1 by classical phenotyping. All small ruminants were seronegative to sRBT, two were positive to mRBT. A higher risk of BTB and brucellosis was observed in cattle in intensive livestock systems, in imported and crossed breeds and in animals from larger herds (>15). The three risk factors were usually present in the same herds, leading to higher transmission risk and persistence of both zoonoses. These results highlight the importance of implementing control strategies for both BTB and brucellosis to reduce productivity losses and the risk of transmission to humans. Prioritising control for BTB and brucellosis in intensive livestock production systems is essential for human and animal health.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe present study is a component of a large European Union entitled the Integrated Control of Neglected Zoonoses (ICONZ), grant agreement n˚ 221948. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. One of the authors was employed by a commercial company: Avia-GIS. The funder provided support in the form of salaries for author WB, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the ‘author contributions’ sectiones_ES
dc.subjectBovine tuberculosis (BTB)es_ES
dc.subjectEndemic zoonoseses_ES
dc.titleThe prevalence of brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis in ruminants in Sidi Kacem Province, Moroccoes_ES
dc.description.noteThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.es_ES
dadun.citation.publicationNamePLOS ONEes_ES

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