Key elements in assessing circular economy implementation insmall and medium‐sized enterprises
Keywords: 
Certifications
Circular economy
Delphi method
Environmental management
Fields of action
Industrial symbiosis
Issue Date: 
2018
Publisher: 
ERP Environment
ISSN: 
0964-4733
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providedthe original work is properly cited.
Citation: 
Prieto-Sandoval, V. (Vanessa); Ormazabal-Goenaga, M. (Marta); Jaca-García, C. (Carmen); et al. "Key elements in assessing circular economy implementation insmall and medium‐sized enterprises". BUSINESS STRATEGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. 27 (8), 2018, 1525 - 1534
Abstract
The circular economy has become an important issue in recent years because itmakes sustainable development feasible by creating value in the economy and byclosing the energy and materials loops. However, since most companies continueto operate under a linear model, it is particularly important to start providingcompanies with tools that facilitate their shift to the circular paradigm. The mainobjective of this research is to establish the key elements that are necessary forassessing the level of circular economy implementation. To that end, the Delphimethod is used to validate and define the key elements of three categories: circulareconomy fields of action, industrial symbiosis, and environmental certifications. Asa result, this study identifies the key elements that assess the degree of circulareconomy implementation and that allows small and medium‐sized enterprisesto understand where they are and what they need to do to improve theirperformance.

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