Mediterranean Diet and atherothrombosis biomarkers: a randomized controlled trial
Cardiovascular risks
Clinical trials
Mediterranean diet
Issue Date: 
John Wiley & Sons
Hernáez Á, Castañer O, Tresserra-Rimbau A, Pintó X, Fitó M, Casas R, Martínez-González MÁ, Corella D, Salas-Salvadó J, Lapetra J, Gómez-Gracia E, Arós F, Fiol M, Serra-Majem L, Ros E, Estruch R. Mediterranean Diet and Atherothrombosis Biomarkers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Oct;64(20):e2000350. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.202000350.
Scope. To assess whether following a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) improved atherothrombosis biomarkers in high cardiovascular risk individuals. Methods and results. In 358 random volunteers from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea trial, we assessed the 1-year effects on atherothrombosis markers of an intervention with MedDiet, enriched with virgin olive oil (MedDiet-VOO; n=120) or nuts (MedDiet-Nuts; n=119) versus a low-fat control diet (n=119). We also studied whether large increments in MedDiet adherence (≥3 score points, relative to compliance decreases) and intake changes in key food items were associated with 1-year differences in biomarkers. We observed differences between 1-year changes in the MedDiet-VOO intervention and control diet on the activity of platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase in HDLs (+7.5% [95% confidence interval: 0.17; 14.8]) and HDL-bound α1-antitrypsin levels (- 6.1% [-11.8; -0.29]), and between the MedDiet-Nuts intervention and the control arm on non-esterified fatty acid concentrations (-9.3% [-18.1; -0.53]). Large MedDiet adherence increments were associated with less fibrinogen (-9.5% [-18.3; -0.60]) and non-esterified fatty acid concentrations (-16.7% [-31.7; -1.74]). Increases in nut, fruit, vegetable, and fatty fish consumption, and decreases in processed meat intake were linked to beneficial changes in atherothrombosis biomarkers. Conclusion. Following a MedDiet improved atherothrombosis biomarkers in high cardiovascular risk individuals

Files in This Item:
Miguel Angel Martinez Gonzalez.pdf
713.74 kB
Adobe PDF

Statistics and impact
0 citas en
0 citas en

Items in Dadun are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.