Tobacco smoking Cause of disease worldwide 6 million deaths annually Cancer
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Perez-Warnisher, M.T. (María Teresa); Carballosa-de-Miguel, M.D.P. (M. del Pilar); Seijo, L. (Luis). "Tobacco use worldwide: Legislative efforts to curb consumption". Annals of global health. 84 (4), 2018, 571 - 579
Tobacco smoking is recognized as a major preventable cause of disease worldwide and is linked to 6
million deaths annually, 30% of which are due to cancer. The negative health consequences of smoking
currently represent one of the greatest public health challenges. Secondhand smoke, declared carcinogenic
by the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2004, is also a major source of morbidity and
premature death in nonsmokers, particularly children. Negative health effects associated with exposure to
secondhand smoke have been well documented and include lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and
other respiratory diseases. International and national policies to implement cost-effective strategies to
curtail smoking will have a significant impact on population health and will protect nonsmokers. Effective
interventions, such as a combination of smoke-free laws, tobacco price increases, easy access to tobacco
cessation treatments, and anti-tobacco media campaigns, should continue. Reducing tobacco use would be
a major step towards the goal of decreasing health disparities by 2030 as 80% of the projected tobaccorelated deaths will occur in low- and middle-income countries.