Using the maize nested association mapping (NAM) population to partition arbuscular mycorrhizal effects on drought stress tolerance into hormonal and hydraulic components
Keywords: 
Aquaporin
Arbuscular mycorrhiza
Drought
Maize
Phytohormone
Root hydraulic conductivity
Issue Date: 
2022
ISSN: 
1422-0067
Note: 
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Citation: 
Ruiz-Lozano, J. M.; Quiroga, G.; Erice, G.; et al. "Using the maize nested association mapping (NAM) population to partition arbuscular mycorrhizal effects on drought stress tolerance into hormonal and hydraulic components". International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 23 (17), 2022, 9822
Abstract
In this study, a first experiment was conducted with the objective of determining how drought stress alters the radial water flow and physiology in the whole maize nested association mapping (NAM) population and to find out which contrasting maize lines should be tested in a second experiment for their responses to drought in combination with an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus. Emphasis was placed on determining the role of plant aquaporins and phytohormones in the responses of these contrasting maize lines to cope with drought stress. Results showed that both plant aquaporins and hormones are altered by the AM symbiosis and are highly involved in the physiological responses of maize plants to drought stress. The regulation by the AM symbiosis of aquaporins involved in water transport across cell membranes alters radial water transport in host plants. Hormones such as IAA, SA, ABA and jasmonates must be involved in this process either by regulating the own plant-AM fungus interaction and the activity of aquaporins, or by inducing posttranscriptional changes in these aquaporins, which in turns alter their water transport capacity. An intricate relationship between root hydraulic conductivity, aquaporins and phytohormones has been observed, revealing a complex network controlling water transport in maize roots.

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