Influence of the laser deposited 316L single layers on corrosion in physiological media
Keywords: 
Área de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales
Laser metal deposition
Additive manufacturing
Stainless steel
Biomaterials
Polarization
Physiological media
Corrosion
Single layer
Dilution
Stainless-Steel
Issue Date: 
2022
ISSN: 
2075-4701
Citation: 
Garate, U.; Mardaras, E.; González, R.; et al. "Influence of the laser deposited 316L single layers on corrosion in physiological media". Metals. 12 (6), 2022, 1047
Abstract
A multilayer laser-deposited lining of AISI 316L stainless steel makes a regular structural steel surface corrosion resistant in physiological media. Despite the application of single-layer stainless-steel linings being economically beneficial and allowing thinner surface modifications, dilution effects that modify the pitting resistance of the coating must be accounted for. In order to study the feasibility of employing single-layer coatings instead of multilayer coatings for corrosion protection in physiological media, a polarization testing back-to-back comparison was performed between laser-deposited AISI 316L monolayers on 42CrMo4 quenched and tempered steel and cold-rolled AISI 316L sheet in Dulbecco's Phosphate Buffer Solution at 36 degrees C. A higher dispersion in pitting resistance, ranging from 800 mV to 1200 mV, was found on the coated samples, whereas the cold-rolled material was more stable in the 1200 mV range. The resulting differences in corrosion rates and pitting potentials open the discussion on whether the chemical composition deviations on AISI 316L dilution layers are acceptable in terms of surface functionality in medical devices.

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