Cobimetinib Alone and Plus Venetoclax With/Without Atezolizumab in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Keywords: 
Área de Medicina Clínica y Epidemiología
Mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway
Immunotherapy
B-cell lymphoma-2
Programmed death-ligand 1
Biomarker
Issue Date: 
2023
ISSN: 
2152-2650
Note: 
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Citation: 
Schjesvold, F.; Lourenco-Paiva, B. (Bruno David); Ribrag, V.; et al. "Cobimetinib alone and plus venetoclax with/without atezolizumab in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma". Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia. 23 (1), 2023, e59 - e70
Abstract
This phase IB/II trial evaluated safety and efficacy of cobimetinib alone and in novel combinations with veneto-clax with/without atezolizumab in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Forty-nine patients were enrolled. Cobimetinib alone and in combination with venetoclax with/without atezolizumab was determined to be safe and tolerable; anti-tumor activity was moderate overall but higher in patients with translocation t(11;14). Introduction: Mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway mutations are present in > 50% of patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) multiple myeloma (MM). MEK inhibitors show limited single-agent activity in R/R MM; combi-nation with B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and programmed death-ligand 1 inhibition may improve efficacy. This phase Ib/II trial (NCT03312530) evaluated safety and efficacy of cobimetinib (cobi) alone and in combination with veneto-clax (ven) with/without atezolizumab (atezo) in patients with R/R MM. Patients and Methods: Forty-nine patients were randomized 1:2:2 to cobi 60 mg/day on days 1-21 (n = 6), cobi 40 mg/day on days 1-21 + ven 800 mg/day on days 1-28 with/without atezo 840 mg on days 1 and 15 of 28-day cycles (cobi-ven, n = 22; cobi-ven-atezo, n = 21). Safety run-in cohorts evaluated cobi-ven and cobi-ven-atezo dose levels. Results: Any-grade common adverse events (AEs) with cobi, cobi-ven, and cobi-ven-atezo, respectively, included diarrhea (33.3%, 81.8%, 90.5%) and nausea (16.7%, 50.0%, 66.7%); common grade >= 3 AEs included anemia (0%, 22.7%, 23.8%), neutropenia (0%, 13.6%, 38.1%), and thrombocytopenia (0%, 18.2%, 23.8%). The overall response rate for all-comers was 0% (cobi), 27.3% (cobi-ven), and 28.6% (cobi-ven-atezo), and 0%, 50.0%, and 100%, respectively, in patients with t(11;14) + . Biomarker analysis demon-strated non-t(11;14) patient selection with NRAS /KRAS /BRAF mutation or high BCL-2/BCL-2-L1 ratio ( > 52% of the study population) could enrich for responders to the cobi-ven combination. Conclusions: Cobi-ven and cobi-ven-atezo demonstrated manageable safety with moderate activity in all-comers, and higher activity in patients with t(11;14) + MM, supporting a biomar ker-dr iven approach for ven in MM.

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