TREM-2 Plays a Protective Role in Cholestasis By Acting as a Negative Regulator of Inflammation
Área de Medicina Clínica y Epidemiología
Single-cell RNA-seq
Naive state
Issue Date: 
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Labiano, I. (Ibone); Agirre-Lizaso, A. (Aloña); Olaizola, P. (Paula); et al. "TREM-2 plays a protective role in cholestasis by acting as a negative regulator of inflammation". Journal Of Hepatolgy (Online). 77 (4), 2022, 991 - 1004
Background & Aims: Inflammation, particularly that mediated by bacterial components translocating from the gut to the liver and binding to toll-like receptors (TLRs), is central to cholestatic liver injury. The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM-2) inhibits TLR-mediated signaling and exerts a protective role in hepatocellular injury and carcinogenesis. This study aims to evaluate the role of TREM-2 in cholestasis.Methods: TREM-2 expression was analyzed in the livers of pa-tients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) or primary scle-rosing cholangitis (PSC), and in mouse models of cholestasis. Wild-type (WT) and Trem-2 deficient (Trem-2-/-) mice were subjected to experimental cholestasis and gut sterilization. Pri-mary cultured Kupffer cells were incubated with lipopolysac-charide and/or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and inflammatory responses were analyzed.Results: TREM-2 expression was upregulated in the livers of patients with PBC or PSC, and in murine models of cholestasis. Compared to WT, the response to bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced obstructive cholestasis or alpha-naphtylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis was exacerbated in Trem-2-/-mice. This was characterized by enhanced necroptotic cell death, in-flammatory responses and biliary expansion. Antibiotic treat-ment partially abrogated the effects observed in Trem-2-/-mice after BDL. Experimental overexpression of TREM-2 in the liver of WT mice downregulated ANIT-induced IL-33 expression and neutrophil recruitment. UDCA regulated Trem-1 and Trem-2 expression in primary cultured mouse Kupffer cells and damp-ened inflammatory gene transcription via a TREM-2-dependent mechanism.Conclusions: TREM-2 acts as a negative regulator of inflamma-tion during cholestasis, representing a novel potential thera-peutic target.Lay summary: Cholestasis (the reduction or cessation of bile flow) causes liver injury. This injury is exacerbated when gut-derived bacterial components interact with receptors (spe-cifically Toll-like receptors or TLRs) on liver-resident immune cells, promoting inflammation. Herein, we show that the anti-inflammatory receptor TREM-2 dampens TLR-mediated signaling and hence protects against cholestasis-induced liver injury. Thus, TREM-2 could be a potential therapeutic target in cholestasis.

Files in This Item:
3.93 MB
Adobe PDF

Statistics and impact
0 citas en
0 citas en

Items in Dadun are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.