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dc.creatorMadrigal, C. (Casandra)-
dc.creatorSoto-Méndez, M.J. (María José)-
dc.creatorLeis, R. (Rosaura)-
dc.creatorHernández-Ruiz, Á, (Ángela)-
dc.creatorValero, T. (Teresa)-
dc.creatorLara-Villoslada, F. (Federico)-
dc.creatorMartínez-de-Victoria, E. (Emilio)-
dc.creatorMoreno, J.M. (José Manuel)-
dc.creatorOrtega, R.M. (Rosa María)-
dc.creatorRuiz-López, M.D. (María Dolores)-
dc.creatorVarela-Moreiras, G. (Gregorio)-
dc.creatorGil, A. (Ángel)-
dc.identifier.citationMadrigal, C. (Casandra); Soto-Méndez, M.J. (María José); Leis, R. (Rosaura); et al. "Dietary Intake, Nutritional Adequacy and Food Sources of Total Fat and Fatty Acids, and Relationships with Personal and Family Factors in Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years: Results of the EsNuPI Study". Nutrients. 12 (8), 2020,es_ES
dc.description.abstractWe aimed to determine the usual intake of total fat, fatty acids (FAs), and their main food sources in a representative cohort of the Spanish pediatric population aged 1 to <10 years (n = 707) who consumed all types of milk and an age-matched cohort who consumed adapted milk over the last year (including follow-on formula, toddler’s milk, growing-up milk, and fortified and enriched milks) (n = 741) who were participants in the EsNuPI study (in English, Nutritional Study in the Spanish Pediatric Population). Dietary intake, measured through two 24 h dietary recalls, was compared to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UN-FAO) recommendations. Both cohorts showed a high intake of saturated fatty acids (SFAs), according to FAO recommendations, as there are no numerical recommendations for SFAs at EFSA. Also, low intake of essential fatty acids (EFAs; linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA)) and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) of the n-3 series, mainly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were observed according to EFSA and FAO recommendations. The three main sources of total fat and different FAs were milk and dairy products, oils and fats, and meat and meat products. The consumption of adapted milk was one of the main factors associated with better adherence to the nutritional recommendations of total fat, SFAs, EFAs, PUFAs; and resulted as the main factor associated with better adherence to n-3 fatty acids intake recommendations. Knowledge of the dietary intake and food sources of total fat and FAs in children could help in designing and promoting effective and practical age-targeted guidelines to promote the consumption of EFA- and n-3 PUFA-rich foods in this stage of life.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by Instituto Puleva de Nutrición (IPN) which is a non-profit entity that promotes scientific research mainly in the field of nutrition and health: child nutrition, cardiovascular, bone and digestive health, etc. as well as the dissemination of quality scientific content. While the IPN is funded by the dairy company Lactalis, its actions are based on the decisions of an independent scientific board formed by renowned international scientists. The authors would like to thank IPN for its support and technical advice. The results presented in this article constitute part of Casandra Madrigal Arellano’s doctoral thesis, performed in the Nutrition and Food Sciences Doctorate Program of the University of Granada and financed by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT).es_ES
dc.subjectEsNuPI studyes_ES
dc.subjectDietary fatses_ES
dc.subjectEssential fatty acides_ES
dc.subjectFood sourceses_ES
dc.subjectPediatric nutritiones_ES
dc.subjectSpanish childrenes_ES
dc.subjectDairy productses_ES
dc.subjectFortified milkes_ES
dc.titleDietary Intake, Nutritional Adequacy and Food Sources of Total Fat and Fatty Acids, and Relationships with Personal and Family Factors in Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years: Results of the EsNuPI Studyes_ES
dc.description.noteThis article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).es_ES

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