Nutritional determinants of quality of life in a mediterranean cohort: The SUN study
Keywords: 
Health related quality of life
SF-36
Mediterranean
Provegetarian
Lifestyle
Issue Date: 
2020
Publisher: 
MDPI AG
Project: 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016 (ISCIII)/PI17%2F01795/ES/ESTUDIO DE LA OBESIDAD COMO FACTOR DE RIESGO DE MORTALIDAD Y SU PREVENCION MEDIANTE RECOMENDACIONES DIETETICAS: ANALISIS LONGITUDINAL DE LA COHORTE SUN
ISSN: 
1660-4601
Note: 
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Citation: 
Pano, O. (Octavio); Sayon-Orea, C. (Carmen); Gea, A. (Alfredo); et al. "Nutritional determinants of quality of life in a mediterranean cohort: The SUN study". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17 (11), 2020, 3897
Abstract
Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective appreciation of how personal characteristics and health influence well-being. This cross-sectional analysis aimed to quantitatively measure the influence of dietary, lifestyle, and demographic factors on HRQoL. A sub-sample of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project, a Mediterranean cohort, was analyzed (n = 15,674). Through self-administered questionnaires the relationship between HRQoL and dietary patterns (Mediterranean-diet (MedDiet) and provegetarian food pattern (FP) assessment), lifestyles (sleeping hours, physical activity) and demographic characteristics were measured. Multivariate linear regression and flexible regression models were used to estimate the pondered effect of personal factors on Short Form-36 (SF-36) scores. Coefficients for MedDiet and provegetarian scores (β-coefficient for global SF-36 score: 0.32 (0.22, 0.42); 0.09 (0.06, 0.12) respectively for every unit increase), physical activity (β: 0.03 (0.02, 0.03) for every metabolic equivalent of task indexes (MET)-h/week) had a positive association to HRQoL. The female sex (β: −3.28 (−3.68, −2.89)), and pre-existing diseases (diabetes, β: −2.27 (−3.48, −1.06), hypertension β: −1.79 (−2.36, −1.22), hypercholesterolemia β: −1.04 (−1.48, −0.59)) account for lower SF-36 scores. Adherence to MedDiet or provegetarian FP, physical activity and sleep are associated with higher HRQoL, whereas the female sex, “other” (versus married status) and the presence of chronic diseases were associated with lower SF-36 scores in this sample.

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