Nutritional Interventions with Bacillus coagulans Improved Glucose Metabolism and Hyperinsulinemia in Mice with Acute Intermittent Porphyria
Glucose homeostasis
Gut microbiome
Hepatic porphyria
Insulin resistance
Metabolic disease
Nutritional intervention
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© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)
Fontanellas-Romá, A. (Antonio); Dongiovanni, P. (Paola); Milagro-Yoldi, F.I. (Fermín Ignacio); et al. "Nutritional Interventions with Bacillus coagulans Improved Glucose Metabolism and Hyperinsulinemia in Mice with Acute Intermittent Porphyria". International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 24 (15), 2023, 1 - 19
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD) gene, encoding the third enzyme of the heme synthesis pathway. Although AIP is characterized by low clinical penetrance (~1% of PBGD mutation carriers), patients with clinically stable disease report chronic symptoms and frequently show insulin resistance. This study aimed to evaluate the beneficial impact of nutritional interventions on correct carbohydrate dysfunctions in a mouse model of AIP that reproduces insulin resistance and altered glucose metabolism. The addition of spores of Bacillus coagulans in drinking water for 12 weeks modified the gut microbiome composition in AIP mice, ameliorated glucose tolerance and hyperinsulinemia, and stimulated fat disposal in adipose tissue. Lipid breakdown may be mediated by muscles burning energy and heat dissipation by brown adipose tissue, resulting in a loss of fatty tissue and improved lean/fat tissue ratio. Probiotic supplementation also improved muscle glucose uptake, as measured using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) analysis. In conclusion, these data provide a proof of concept that probiotics, as a dietary intervention in AIP, induce relevant changes in intestinal bacteria composition and improve glucose uptake and muscular energy utilization. Probiotics may offer a safe, efficient, and cost-effective option to manage people with insulin resistance associated with AIP.

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