Distinguishing digitization and digitalization: A systematic review and conceptual framework
Keywords: 
Digital transformation
Digitalization
Digitization
Innovation
Systematic review
Issue Date: 
13-Jul-2023
Publisher: 
Wiley
ISSN: 
1540-5885
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License
Citation: 
Gradillas, M. (María); Thomas, L.D.W. (Llewellyn D.W.). "Distinguishing digitization and digitalization: A systematic review and conceptual framework". Journal of product innovation management. , 2023-07-13, 12690
Abstract
With increasing interest in how digital technology impacts innovation, the constructs “digitization” and “digitalization” have become popular. However, different conceptualizations have emerged resulting in conceptual overlap and little definitional consensus. To understand how these two constructs have been used within innovation management, we systematically review both constructs and identify 26 different definitions used for both, underscoring the need for greater precision. Building from our systematic review, we synthesize and integrate these findings to derive clear and parsimonious definitions of digitization and digitalization and propose a conceptual framework that systematically links both constructs with existing innovation scholarship. We then discuss the implications of our framework on theories of the process of innovation and digital transformation. We recommend future research into digital design principles, digital product life cycle, knowledge accumulation, generativity, and the feedback dynamics within our framework. We also provide practitioner implications and limitations.
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