Remedy and accountability a decade after the Marikana massacre
Keywords: 
Corporate reparations
Marikana massacre
South Africa
Third pillar
Issue Date: 
29-Mar-2023
Publisher: 
Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 
2057-0201
Note: 
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial licence
Citation: 
Vives-Gabriel, J. (Jordi); Merwe, H. (Hugo) van der. "Remedy and accountability a decade after the Marikana massacre". Business and human rights journal. 8 (1), 2023-03-29, 115 - 119
Abstract
August 16th, 2022 marked the 10th anniversary of the Marikana Massacre in Rustenburg, South Africa. This was the worst incident of mass killing by police since the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960 in the heyday of the Apartheid regime. In the first days of August 2012, workers at Lonmin plc, a platinum group metals mining company, went on a wildcat strike demanding a minimum salary of 12500 Rand, circa 800 USD, per month and protesting against the poor living conditions they and their families where subjected to in the Marikana vicinity, an area 100 km north of Johannesburg where the mine is located. As days passed, tension escalated leading to the killing of ten people, including three non-striking workers, two security guards, three striking workers, and two police officers. Various attempts to facilitate negotiations with striking workers were turned down by Lonmin management. Instead, Lonmin managers actively engaged in communications with senior political leaders, police officers, and state mining officials to frame the situation as one that required strong and decisive police intervention.
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