Lozano-Grijalba, C. (Celia), Janda-Galán, Á. (Álvaro), Garcimartín-Montero, Á. (Ángel), Maza-Ozcoidi, D. (Diego Martín), Zuriguel-Ballaz, I. (Iker). Flow and clogging in a silo with an obstacle above the orifice. Physical Review E86, 031306 (2012): 031306/1-031306/8
In a recent paper [Zuriguel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 278001 (2011)] it has been shown that the presence of an obstacle above the outlet can signiﬁcatively reduce the clogging probability of granular matter pouring from a silo. The amount of this reduction strongly depends on the obstacle position. In this work, we present new
measurements to analyze different outlet sizes, extending foregoing results and revealing that the effect of the obstacle is enhanced as the outlet size is increased. In addition, the effect of the obstacle position on the ﬂow rate properties and in the geometrical features of arches is studied. These results reinforce previous evidence of
the pressure reduction induced by the obstacle. In addition, it is shown how the mean avalanche size and the average ﬂow rate are not necessarily linked. On the other hand, a close relationship is suggested between the mean avalanche size and the ﬂow rate ﬂuctuations.