Ergodic-nonergodic transition in tapped granular systems: the role of persistent contacts
Keywords: 
Ergodicity
Tapped granular systems
Ergodic-nonergodic
Issue Date: 
2016
OpenAIRE: 
Supported by projects PICT-2012-2155 ANPCyT (Argentina), FIS2011-26675 MINECO (Spain) and PIUNA (Universidad de Navarra).
ISSN: 
1852-4249
Citation: 
Gago PA, Maza D, Pugnaloni LA. Ergodic-nonergodic transition in tapped granular systems: The role of persistent contacts. Papers in Physics 2016;8:080001
Abstract
Static granular packs have been studied in the last three decades in the frame of a modified equilibrium statistical mechanics that assumes ergodicity as a basic postulate. The canonical example on which this framework is tested consists in the series of static configurations visited by a granular column subjected to taps. By analyzing the response of a realistic model of grains, we demonstrate that volume and stress variables visit different regions of the phase space at low tap intensities in different realizations of the experiment. We show that the tap intensity beyond which sampling by tapping becomes ergodic coincides with the forcing necessary to break all particle-particle contacts during each tap. These results imply that the well-known "reversible" branch of tapped granular columns is only valid at relatively high tap intensities.

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