Phase II Clinical and Pharmacokinetic Study of Plitidepsin 3-Hour Infusion Every Two Weeks Alone or with Dexamethasone in Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Oncología
Issue Date: 
2010
Publisher: 
American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 
1078-0432
Citation: 
Mateos, M. V., Cibeira, M. T., Richardson, P. G., Prosper, F. et al.Phase II Clinical and Pharmacokinetic Study of Plitidepsin 3-Hour Infusion Every Two Weeks Alone or with Dexamethasone in Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma.Clin Cancer Res (2010); 16 (12): 3260-3269
Abstract
Purpose: This trial evaluated the antitumor activity and safety of the marine-derived cyclodepsipeptide plitidepsin in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Experimental Design: This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase II trial with plitidepsin at 5 mg/m2 as a 3-hour i.v. infusion every two weeks. The protocol was amended to allow patients with suboptimal response to single-agent plitidepsin to add 20 mg/day on days 1 to 4 of oral dexamethasone every two weeks. Results: Fifty-one patients started treatment with plitidepsin and 47 were evaluable for efficacy. The overall response rate (complete response plus partial response plus minimal response) was 13% with plitidepsin alone and 22% in the cohort of patients with the addition of dexamethasone (n = 19, 18 evaluable). Both plitidepsin alone and with dexamethasone were feasible and well tolerated. Anemia (29%) and thrombocytopenia (18%) were the most frequent grade 3/4 hematologic toxicities. Fatigue (16%), muscular toxicity (6%), and transient alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase (27%) and creatine phosphokinase (23%) increases were the most relevant nonhematologic side effects. A prolonged plasma half-life was observed in responding patients as compared with nonresponding patients (P = 0.009). Conclusions: Single-agent plitidepsin has limited but reproducible activity in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma patients. Activity observed after dexamethasone addition merits further study. Both regimens were well tolerated in this heavily pretreated population.

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