Air lime mortars Phase Change Materials (PCM) Thermal Energy Storage Materials Thermal efficiency Renders
University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Rubio-Aguinaga A, Fernández JM, Navarro-Blasco I, Alvarez JI, Enhancement of latent heat storage capacity of lime rendering mortars, en Bokan Bosiljkov, V. (Violeta ); Padovnik, A. (Andreja ); Turk, T.(Tilen ): Štukovnik, P. (Petra) "Proceedings of the 6th Historic Mortars Conference - HMC 2022". Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2022-09-21, p 620-33
Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials (PCMs) were included in air lime rendering mortars in order to improve the thermal comfort of the inhabitants and the energy efficiency of buildings of the Architectural Heritage under the premises of mínimum intervention and maximum compatibility. Three different PCMs were tested and directly added during the mixing process to fresh air lime mortars in three different percentages: 5, 10 and 20 wt. %. Some chemical additives were also incorporated to improve the final performance of the renders: a starch derivative as an adhesion booster; metakaolin as pozzolanic addition to shorten the setting time and to increase the final strength; anda polycarboxylated ether as a superplasticizer to adjust the fluidity of the fresh renders avoiding an excess of mixing water. The specific heat Cp, the enthalpy ti.H ascribed to the phase change and the melting temperature of the PCMs were determined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The capacity of the renders to store/release heat was demonstrated at a laboratory scale. The favourable results proved the effect of these PCMs w ith respect to the thermal performance of these rendering mortars, offering a promising way of enhancement of the thermal efficiency of building materiaIs of the Cultural Heritage.