Endometriosis Transvaginal ultrasound Magnetic resonance imaging
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Guerriero, S.; Ajossa, S.; Pagliuca, M.; et al. "Advances in imaging for assessing pelvic endometriosis". Diagnostics. 12 (12), 2022, 2960
In recent years, due to the development of standardized diagnostic protocols associated with an improvement in the associated technology, the diagnosis of pelvic endometriosis using imaging is becoming a reality. In particular, transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance are today the two imaging techniques that can accurately identify the majority of the phenotypes of endometriosis. This review focuses not only on these most common imaging modalities but also on some additional radiological techniques that were proposed for rectosigmoid colon endometriosis, such as double-contrast barium enema, rectal endoscopic ultrasonography, multidetector computed tomography enema, computed tomography colonography and positron emission tomography-computed tomography with 16 alpha-[18F]fluoro-17 beta-estradiol.