Baseline total metabolic tumor volume is prognostic for refractoriness to Iimunochemotherapy in DLBCL: results from GOYA
Lymphoid malignancies
Primary chemorefractory disease
Prognostic indicators
Early relapse
Overall survival
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Canales-Ruiz, I. (Irene); Martelli, M. (Mauricio); Sehn, L.H. (Laura H.); et al. "Baseline total metabolic tumor volume is prognostic for refractoriness to Iimunochemotherapy in DLBCL: results from GOYA". Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia. 22 (8), 2022, e804 - e814
Introduction A good response to initial therapy is key to maximizing survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but patients with chemorefractory disease and early progression have poor outcomes. Patients and Methods Data from the GOYA study in patients with DLBCL who received first-line rituximab or obinutuzumab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) were analyzed. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)-derived characteristics associated with total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and clinical risk factors for primary chemorefractory disease and disease progression within 12 months (POD12) were explored. Results Of those patients fulfilling the criteria for analysis, 108/1126 (10%) were primary chemorefractory and 147/1106 (13%) had POD12. Primary chemorefractory and POD12 status were strongly associated with reduced overall survival. After multivariable analysis of clinical and imaging-based risk factors by backward elimination, only very high TMTV (quartile [Q] 1 vs. Q4 odds ratio [OR]: 0.45; P = .006) and serum albumin levels (low vs. normal OR of 1.86; P = .004) were associated with primary chemorefractoriness. After additionally accounting for BCL2/MYC translocation in a subset of patients, TMTV and BCL2/MYC double-hit status remained as significant predictors of primary chemorefractoriness (Q1 vs. Q4 OR: 0.32, P = .01 and double-hit vs. no-hit OR of 4.47, P = .02, respectively). Risk factors including very high TMTV, high sum of the product of the longest diameters (SPD), geographic region (Asia), short time since diagnosis, extranodal involvement and low serum albumin were retained for POD12. Conclusion PET-derived TMTV has prognostic value in identifying patients at risk of early treatment failure.

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