Functional modulation of atrio-ventricular conduction by enhanced late sodium current and calcium-dependent mechanisms in Scn5a1798insD/þ mice
Atrio-ventricular block/conductionSCN5A
Late sodium current
Calcium homeostasis
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Rivaud, M.R. (Mathilde R.); Marchal, G.A. (Gerard A.); Wolswinkel, R. (Rianne); et al. "Functional modulation of atrio-ventricular conduction by enhanced late sodium current and calcium-dependent mechanisms in Scn5a1798insD/þ mice". Europace. 22 (10), 2020, 1579 - 1589
Aims SCN5A mutations are associated with arrhythmia syndromes, including Brugada syndrome, long QT syndrome type 3 (LQT3), and cardiac conduction disease. Long QT syndrome type 3 patients display atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction slowing which may contribute to arrhythmogenesis. We here investigated the as yet unknown underlying mechanisms. Methods and results We assessed electrophysiological and molecular alterations underlying AV-conduction abnormalities in mice carrying the Scn5a1798insD/þ mutation. Langendorff-perfused Scn5a1798insD/þ hearts showed prolonged AV-conduction compared to wild type (WT) without changes in atrial and His-ventricular (HV) conduction. The late sodium current (INa,L) inhibitor ranolazine (RAN) normalized AV-conduction in Scn5a1798insD/þ mice, likely by preventing the mutation-induced increase in intracellular sodium ([Naþ]i ) and calcium ([Ca2þ]i ) concentrations. Indeed, further enhancement of [Naþ]i and [Ca2þ]i by the Naþ/Kþ-ATPase inhibitor ouabain caused excessive increase in AV-conduction time in Scn5a1798insD/þ hearts. Scn5a1798insD/þ mice from the 129P2 strain displayed more severe AV-conduction abnormalities than FVB/N-Scn5a1798insD/þ mice, in line with their larger mutation-induced INa,L. Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) caused excessive prolongation of AV-conduction in FVB/N-Scn5a1798insD/þ mice (while HV-intervals remained unchanged), which was prevented by chronic RAN treatment. Scn5a1798insD/þTAC hearts showed decreased mRNA levels of conduction genes in the AV-nodal region, but no structural changes in the AV-node or His bundle. In Scn5a1798insD/þ-TAC mice deficient for the transcription factor Nfatc2 (effector of the calcium-calcineurin pathway), AV-conduction and conduction gene expression were restored to WT levels. Conclusions Our findings indicate a detrimental role for enhanced INa,L and consequent calcium dysregulation on AVconduction in Scn5a1798insD/þ mice, providing evidence for a functional mechanism underlying AV-conduction disturbances secondary to gain-of-function SCN5A mutations.

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