Somatic and germline analysis of a familial Rothmund-Thomson syndrome in two siblings with osteosarcoma
Rothmund–Thomson syndrome (RTS)
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Springer nature
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Gutierrez-Jimeno, M. (Miriam); Panizo-Morgado, E. (Elena); Tamayo, I. (Ibon); et al. "Somatic and germline analysis of a familial Rothmund-Thomson syndrome in two siblings with osteosarcoma". NPJ Genomic medicine. 5 (51), 2020,
Rothmund–Thomson syndrome (RTS) is characterized by a rash that begins in the first few months of life and eventually develops into poikiloderma. Associated symptoms are alterations in the teeth, sparse hair, thin eyebrows, lack of eyelashes, low stature, bone abnormalities, hematological illnesses, gastrointestinal disease, malnutrition, cataracts, and predisposition to cancer, principally to bone tumors and skin cancer. Diagnostic certitude is provided by a genetic study involving detection of pathogenic variants of the RECQL4 gene. We hereby present a familiar case of RTS in two siblings from a Portuguese family, both diagnosed with osteosarcoma. Genomic analysis (203 genes) of both tumors as well as germline analysis of the RECQL4 gene, thus confirming the syndrome in the family, have been performed. The relevance of clinical recognition of the hallmarks of the disease and thus early diagnosis with early intervention is highlighted.

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