Vaginal wall thickness as potential biomarker of vaginal health. A proposal for standardized ultrasound measurement using three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound
Keywords: 
Thickness
Ultrasound
Vagina
Wall
Issue Date: 
2023
Publisher: 
Wiley
ISSN: 
1097-0096
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivsLicense
Citation: 
Alcazar, J.L. (Juan Luis); Para, E. (Elisa); Tomaizhe, A. (Aida); et al. "Vaginal wall thickness as potential biomarker of vaginal health. A proposal for standardized ultrasound measurement using three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound". Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: Sonography and other Imaging Techniques (JCU). 51 (8), 2023, 1366 - 1369
Abstract
Vaginal wall thickness could be used as a biomarker of vaginal health. We propose a standardized method using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound for measuring vaginal wall thickness. Fill the vagina with gel. Insert the endovaginal transducer into the vagina up to the middle third. In the sagittal plane, visualizing the cervix and vaginal fornices, capture a 3D volume of the upper third of the vagina. Using tomographic ultrasound imaging function in the sagittal plane and the posterior vaginal fornix as the reference obtain at least three axial planes of the vagina, separated by 1 cm. Measure the vaginal wall thickness at a distance of 2 cm from the posterior vaginal fornix at 12, 3, 6, and 9 o'clock. The reproducibility of measurements was high. Measurements of vaginal wall thickness can be reliably performed.

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