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|Distribution of the long leptin receptor isoform in brush border, basolateral membrane, and cytoplasm of enterocytes.|
|Authors: ||Barrenetxe, J. (Jaione)|
Villaro, A.C. (Ana Cristina)
Guembe, L. (L.)
Pascual, I. (I.)
Muñoz-Navas, M. (Miguel)
Barber, A. (Ana)
Lostao, M.P. (María Pilar)
|Keywords: ||Leptin receptors|
|Issue Date: ||2002|
|Publisher: ||British Society of Gastroenterology|
|Publisher version: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gut.50.6.797|
|Citation: ||Barrenetxe J, Villaro AC, Guembe L, Pascual I, Munoz-Navas M, Barber A, et al. Distribution of the long leptin receptor isoform in brush border, basolateral membrane, and cytoplasm of enterocytes. Gut. 2002 Jun;50(6):797-802.|
BACKGROUND AND AIM:
Leptin, a hormone mainly produced by fat cells, acts primarily on the hypothalamus regulating energy expenditure and food intake. Leptin receptors are expressed in several tissues and the possible physiological role of leptin is being extensively investigated, with the result that important peripheral actions of the hormone in the organism are being discovered. Recent studies have demonstrated leptin and leptin receptor expression in gastric epithelial cells. In the present study, we report the presence of the long leptin receptor isoform (OB-Rb) in human, rat, and mouse small intestine, supporting the hypothesis of leptin as a hormone involved in gastrointestinal function.
The presence of the leptin receptor was determined by immunocytochemical methods using antibodies against the peptide corresponding to the carboxy terminus of the long isoform of the leptin receptor. Human duodenal biopsies from normal individuals undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy, and intestinal fragments of Wistar rats and Swiss mice were processed for the study.
Immunoreactivity for the long leptin receptor isoform was observed in the three studied species. Staining was located throughout the cytoplasm of the enterocytes, of both villi and crypts, and in the basolateral plasma membrane. Immunolabelling for OB-Rb protein was also found in the brush border of human enterocytes of formol and paraformaldehyde fixed samples.
This report demonstrates the presence of the long leptin receptor isoform in the absorptive cells of rat, mouse, and human small intestine, suggesting that leptin could have a physiological role in the regulation of nutrient absorption.
|Permanent link: ||http://hdl.handle.net/10171/20933|
|Appears in Collections:||DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista|
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