Pattern formation in spin-coating of hybrid colloids in different magnetic field configurations
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
IOP Publishing Ltd
ISSN: 
0022-3727
Citation: 
R Aslam and W González-Viñas 2019 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52 344001
Abstract
We report experimental results on the patterns that are formed during spin-coating of magnetic colloids at moderate concentrations and compare them with results obtained in diluted colloids. We show that, for moderate concentrations, the magnetic interaction between the (ferro)magnetic particles and with the external field is strong enough to overcome the centrifugal force. We study two different configurations for the magnetic field. The first one consists on an axial uniform field, where we obtain spikes perpendicular to the substrate with a well defined order which decreases as rotation rate increases. The second one consists on a radial non-uniform field, where we obtain elongated deposits radially disposed on the substrate. The effect of magnetic fields at moderate concentrations on the effective viscosity is confirmed to be much more important in the case of a uniform magnetic field, by increasing the hydrodynamic time-scale which gives the ferromagnetic particles enough time to strongly interact to form the spikes.

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