On the naturalisation of teleology: self-organisation, autopoiesis and teleodynamics
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Arte y Humanidades::Filosofía
Self-organisation
Autopoiesis
Teleology
Teleodynamics
Issue Date: 
2022
Publisher: 
Sage
ISSN: 
1059-7123
Citation: 
García-Valdecasas, M. (Miguel). "On the naturalisation of teleology: self-organisation, autopoiesis and teleodynamics". Adaptive Behavior. 30 (2), 2022, 103 - 117
Abstract
In recent decades, several theories have claimed to explain the teleological causality of organisms as a function of self- organising and self-producing processes. The most widely cited theories of this sort are variations of autopoiesis, originally introduced by Maturana and Varela. More recent modifications of autopoietic theory have focused on system organisation, closure of constraints and autonomy to account for organism teleology. This article argues that the treatment of teleology in autopoiesis and other organisation theories is inconclusive for three reasons: First, non-living self-organising processes like autocatalysis meet the defining features of autopoiesis without being teleological; second, organisational approaches, whether defined in terms of the closure of constraints, self- determination or autonomy, are unable to specify teleological normativity, that is, the individuation of an ultimate beneficiary; third, all self-organised systems produce local order by maximising the throughput of energy and/or material (obeying the maximum entropy production (MEP) principle) and thereby are specifically organised to under- mine their own critical boundary conditions. Despite these inadequacies, an alternative approach called teleody- namics accounts for teleology. This theory shows how multiple self-organising processes can be collectively linked so that they counter each other’s MEP principle tendencies to become codependent. Teleodynamics embraces – not ignoring – the difficulties of self-organisation, but reinstates teleology as a radical phase transition distinguishing sys- tems embodying an orientation towards their own beneficial ends from those that lack normative character.

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