How to Advance Palliative Care Research in South America? Findings From a Delphi Study
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Especialidades médicas
Research
South America
Palliative care
Barriers
Delphi method
Issue Date: 
2023
Publisher: 
Elsevier
Note: 
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Citation: 
Paiva, C.E. (Carlos Eduardo); Tripodoro, V.A. (Vilma A.); Rodríguez-Núñez, A. (Alfredo); et al. "How to Advance Palliative Care Research in South America? Findings From a Delphi Study". Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 65 (3), 2023, 193 - 202
Abstract
Context. Progress in palliative care (PC) necessarily involves scientific development. However, research conducted in South America (SA) needs to be improved. Objectives. To develop a set of recommendations to advance PC research in SA. Methods. Eighteen international PC experts participated in a Delphi study. In round one, items were developed (open- ended questions); in round two, each expert scored the importance of each item (from 0 to 10); in round three, they selected the 20 most relevant items. Throughout the rounds, the five main priority themes for research in SA were defined. In Round three, consensus was defined as an agreement of ≥75%. Results. 60 potential suggestions for overcoming research barriers in PC were developed in round one. Also in Round one, 88.2% (15 of 17) of the experts agreed to define a priority research agenda. In Round two, the 36 most relevant suggestions were defined and a new one added. Potential research priorities were investigated (open-ended). In Round three, from the 37 items, 10 were considered the most important. Regarding research priorities, symptom control, PC in primary care, public poli- cies, education and prognosis were defined as the most relevant. Conclusion. Potential strategies to improve scientific research on PC in SA were defined, including stimulating the formation of collaborative research networks, offering courses and workshops on research, structuring centers with infrastructure resour- ces and trained researchers, and lobbying governmental organizations to convince about the importance of palliative care. In addition, priority research topics were identified in the region.

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