CFD modelling of air quality in Pamplona City (Spain): Assessment, stations spatial representativeness and health impacts valuation
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias medioambientales
CFD model
City scale
NO2 health effects
Spatial representativeness of monitoring stations
Urban air quality
Issue Date: 
2019
ISSN: 
0048-9697
Citation: 
Rivas, E. (Esther); Santiago, J.L. (José Luis); Lechón, Y. (Yolanda); et al. "CFD modelling of air quality in Pamplona City (Spain): Assessment, stations spatial representativeness and health impacts valuation". Science of The Total Environment. 649, 2019, 1362 - 1380
Abstract
A methodology based on CFD-RANS simulations (WA CFD-RANS, Weighted Averaged Computational Fluid Dynamic-Reynolds–Averaged Navier–Stokes simulations) which includes appropriate modifications, has been applied to compute the annual, seasonal, and hourly average concentration of NO 2 and NO X throughout the city of Pamplona (Spain) at pedestrian level during 2016. The results have been evaluated using measurements provided both by the city's network of air quality monitoring stations and by a network of mobile microsensors carried around by cyclists during their daily commutes, obtaining a maximum relative error lower than 30% when computing NO2 annual average concentrations. The model has taken into account the actual city layout in three dimensions, as well as the traffic emissions. The resulting air pollution maps provided information critical for studying the traffic-related health effects of NO2 and their associated external costs in the city of Pamplona and the spatial representativeness of the current network of air quality monitoring stations (it has not been carried out for an entire city to date). The developed method- ology can be applied to similar cities, providing useful information for the decision-makers.

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