Association of lifestyle, inflammatory factors, and dietary patterns with the risk of suffering a stroke: A case–control study
Materias Investigacion::Farmacia
Dietary patterns
Physical activity
C-reactive protein
Issue Date: 
Taylor & Francis
Abete, I. (Itziar); Zulet, M.A. (María Ángeles); Goyenechea, E. (Estíbaliz); et al. "Association of lifestyle, inflammatory factors, and dietary patterns with the risk of suffering a stroke: A case–control study". Nutritional Neuroscience. 21 (1), 2016, 70 - 78
Background: Lifestyle, including dietary patterns, could involve specific factors participating in inflammation that confer a higher risk of suffering a stroke. However, little attention has been apparently given to habitual food consumption in patients suffering a cerebrovascular event. Objective: To assess the influence of dietary habits as well as other lifestyle-related variables on the risk of suffering a stroke. Design: A case–control study was designed. Fifty-one cases (age: 59.1 ± 9.1y.o; BMI; 30.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2 ) and 51 controls (age: 61.1 ± 9.1y.o; BMI; 30.4 ± 3.6 kg/m2 ) were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric and body composition variables were measured. Dietary information was obtained from a validated food frequency questionnaire. Physical activity and lifestyle-related factors were assessed. Blood samples were drawn. Results: Patients suffering a stroke showed higher prevalence of diabetes (30 vs. 7.7%; P = 0.020) and hypertension (74.5 vs. 40.3%; P < 0.001) and were less physically active (36.7 vs. 66.6%; P = 0.024) than controls. Patients registered worse glucose and lipid profiles, higher levels of hepatic biomarkers, and higher blood cell counts than controls. Stroked patients showed lower adherence to a statistically derived healthy dietary pattern than controls (23.5 vs. 42.3%; P = 0.017). A logistic regression model was built up considering hypertension, diabetes, smoking, physical activity, adherence to a ‘healthy dietary pattern’ and C-reactive protein concentration. The final model strongly associated with the risk of suffering a stroke (R2 : 44.6%; Pmodel < 0.0001). Conclusion: Lifestyle variables such as physical activity, smoking habit, and a dietary pattern including foods with low inflammatory potential play an important role in the reduction of the risk of suffering a stroke.

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